thesis about person with disability in the philippines

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The study recommended a set of immediate measures to eliminate barriers to participation and for the economic empowerment of people with disabilities. Soc Sci Med. Privacy 9994 – Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2010 • OSCA Facebook Page (please help … The well-being scores were significantly lower for people with disabilities (mean ± SD: 57.3 ± 14.6) compared to people without disability (mean ± SD: 66.1 ± 14.1), p < 0.001. The Rapid Assessment of Disability – Informing the development of an instrument to measure the effectiveness of disability inclusive development through a qualitative study in Bangladesh. �2��1�mG;u�l�Wx�|��FK���٨�֨ayO��I8���&�r�n���n��I4��5:��^�}�Ta�[��3ڶ����P��uc�bQd�c1�I��K�;�bE���L�&��ӷC<=-A³��q�gKn��' The prevalence of disability was associated with age and no schooling, but not associated with poverty. Andrich rating scale model was used with Winsteps (Ver 3.80) to perform Rasch analysis [17]. In line with the participatory action research approach, the findings from each phase informed the design and activities of the subsequent phase. 3 0 obj By using this website, you agree to our persons. endobj There is growing recognition of the need for disability-disaggregated data to increase understanding of the prevalence of disability and, equally importantly from a development programming perspective, to support the design, implementation, and monitoring of effective, inclusive development programs [1]. An archipelago of 7,107 islands, it has 100.98 million people2 and is characterized by: • High numbers of children: in 2010, almost 40% of the population was under 183 Terms and Conditions, This research paper is made possible through the help and support from many people, x��UMo�0���Q*E�$��k� C�P��Nc�s2�����|tvb9d>>�"a4����t�u��n'c� 4h��F"���g5Ty4�ye4@x���:Fm[F˫h�#��t� ������U:�0_��L���|O0�8vD��I���o����M���N��$ This approach not only builds their capacity to conduct research, but demonstrates their capacity within their communities. Downloadable! Geneva: United Nations; 2006. Thesis statement on learning disabilities: definition. Both univariate and multivariate (binary logistic regression) analyses were undertaken to assess the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and prevalence of disability. People with disabilities face all forms of discrimination and exclusion from the social, cultural, political, and economic life of their communities [1]. While psychological distress was not commonly identified in isolation, it was the most commonly reported difficulty in both locations. 2012. https://psa.gov.ph/content/age-and-sex-structure-philippine-population-facts-2010-census. Detailed maps with landmarks and roads were obtained from the National Statistical Office or drawn. https://psa.gov.ph/content/age-and-sex-structure-philippine-population-facts-2010-census, https://psa.gov.ph/content/persons-disability-philippines-results-2010-census, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12963-016-0096-y. In the contemporary times the phenomena does not only refer to the above mentioned but also the study has confirmed that disability has more to … For ease of interpretation the scores were rescaled to range from 0 to 100, where a high score represented better well-being. There were also a number of strengths to this study. Twenty years of non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in the Philippines (1986–2006). Data will be made available upon request when the project has been finalized. Households within clusters were selected through compact segment sampling where each cluster was divided into clearly demarcated segments of equal population of about 50 people aged 18 years and above. ... themselves to ensuring that each and every person can access the conditions required to live as self-determining individuals. Filmer D. Disability, poverty, and schooling in developing countries: results from 14 household surveys. 2010. This finding is in contradiction with the current understanding of the relationship between poverty and disability [1, 3, 23, 24]. Prevalence and correlates of disability in Bogra district of Bangladesh using the Rapid Assessment of Disability survey. disability can also be defined as any form of impairment that negatively affects the ability of a person to function by and large. statement and In accordance with local practice in the Philippines, relevant barangay kapitans (equivalent to head of a village or ward) were informed about the study and their endorsement was sought to facilitate introduction into the community. The difference persisted after adjusting for age and sex. However, learners are in this study constrict to children at primary school. Philippines Statistics Authority. Information on the level of participation and the impact of social and environmental factors on a person’s functioning are important for both the planning and monitoring of disability-inclusive policies and programs in the Philippines. In Ligao City, a total of 823 people were enumerated, of whom 765 (93.0 %) participated in the survey and 58 (7.0 %) were either unavailable or declined to participate in the study. Persons with disability were more likely to be in the ages 5 to 19 years and 45 to 64 years. A household was defined as a group of people who lived together, pooled their money, and ate at least one meal together each day. 6 0 obj Although this survey had a good response rate, the majority of non-responders, particularly in Quezon City, were men either because they were away for work or because they did not want to participate in the survey. Statistical analyses were performed using PASW Statistics 18 (PASW Statistics for Windows, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). 2011;11 Suppl 4:S4. iii. Seeing difficulty was the most commonly reported difficulty among participants aged between 35 and 54 years in Ligao City (Table 2). However, socioeconomic factors associated with disability and the level of access to services and participation in the community compared to people without disability were not studied. Excluding psychological distress, the most commonly reported difficulties with functioning were difficulty using hands and fingers (2.1, 95 % CI: 1.5, 2.7), remembering (2.0, 95 % CI: 1.5, 2.7), and concentrating (1.8 %, 95 % CI: 1.3, 2.5) in Quezon City. Challenges faced by teachers when teaching learners with developmental disability is the topic for this thesis. Outline of Presentation 1. For years, the long-suffering Bran has trudged through hostile environments while on Hodor’s back. Broken Framing: An Assessment on the News Coverage of Disabilities by the Philippine Daily Inquirer and the Philippine Star from 2010 – 2012, Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, University of the Philippines College of Mass Communication. However, a study commissioned by Disability Rights Promotion International (DRPI) and the National Federation of Organizations of people with disabilities in the Philippines (Katipunan ng Maykapansanan sa Pilipinas, Inc., KAMPI) in 2008, found that a number of the rights of people with disabilities were regularly violated [12]. 11 0 obj BMC Public Health. Access to health care, reproductive health and disability: a large scale survey in Sierra Leone. stream This included a cross-sectional household survey using the Rapid Assessment of Disability (RAD), in two districts of the Philippines. Consistent with other surveys [1, 3, 5, 20], this study also found the prevalence of disability is associated with increasing age and lack of schooling. Responding to the needs and priorities of people with disabilities, for example, requires context-specific information on the lived experience of disability and how this intersects with access to essential life domains, such as health, education, employment, and social inclusion. Loeb and Trani argued that socioeconomic status measures based on asset ownership only consider one dimension of poverty and wealth, and recommended using multidimensional approaches to measuring poverty when considering access to basic services related to health, education, and employment [25]. Findings are relevant to government and other national agencies seeking to support universal access to a range of services, and more specifically, to respond to the needs of people with disabilities in the Philippines. Participants in Quezon City were comparatively younger, and had a higher level of education compared to participants in Ligao City. <> endobj The RAD household questionnaire was administered to the head of household and the individual questionnaire to all eligible participants in the household. Ethics approvals were obtained from the University of Melbourne Human Research Ethics Committee, Australia (ethics ID 1339640) and the De La Salle University Ethics Committee, Philippines. As in other lower- and middle-income countries, rural-to-urban migration is common in the Philippines and people moving to urban areas are more likely to be young and educated [21]. Having a disability and negative family attitudes were reported as barriers for people with disabilities participating in work, community meetings, religious activities, and social activities. We thank Monsurul Hoq for his support with the data analysis. 2 0 obj The survey was validated in Bangladesh and Fiji [15]. In the case of a sample of 50 people aged 18 years and older not being reached in a segment, households from another randomly selected segment were recruited. Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - Or tears: An application to educational enrollments in states of India. Mental health is known to be associated with social participation, access to economic resources, and freedom from discrimination and violence, all conditions which people with disabilities are less likely to attain [22]. As indicated earlier, the non-respondents are less likely to have a disability as the majority of them were away for work. This survey found that people with disabilities in the sample have poorer well-being and reduced access to services related to health, work, rehabilitation, education, government social welfare, and disaster management than people without disability. Disability is more prevalent among older respondents and those who had little or no education. The difference was statistically significant for accessing health, work, rehabilitation, education, government social welfare, and disaster management between cases and controls. in the Philippines, exposure to – and information about – persons with disabilities are minimal, and rehabilitation services are very limited. Common learning disabilities: (1) Dyslexia – a language-based disability in which a person has trouble understanding written words. World report on disability. The levels of well-being and access to the community for people with disabilities were compared with controls matched by age, gender, and cluster. 10 Situation Analysis of Children in the Philippines Overview of the Philippines Population The Philippines is the twelfth most populated country in the world. The prevalence of disability was higher among females than males in both locations, although the difference was not statistically significant (Table 1). World Health Organization. <> Andrich D. A Rating formulation for ordered response categories. Trani JF, Loeb M. Poverty and disability: a vicious circle? 2013;24(3):37–60. Article  Field supervisors and data collectors were recruited based on their skills and previous experience. A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted in District 2 in Quezon City (a densely populated, urban district) and in Ligao City, Albay (a predominantly rural district) in the Philippines between December 2013 and January 2014. Nossal Institute for Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Level 4, Alan Gilbert Building, 161 Barry Street, Carlton, VIC, 3010, Melbourne, Australia, Social Development Research Centre, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas & Ma Jesusa Marco, Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, You can also search for this author in In Ligao City, seeing (4.9, 95 % CI: 3.4, 6.9), concentrating (4.2, 95 % CI: 2.8, 6.1), and remembering (3.7 %, 95 % CI: 2.5, 5.5) were the most commonly reported functional limitations. If participant responses include more than one barrier, they are asked to rank the most limiting barrier in the third item [15]. A page and one-half is approximately 350 words.) <> People with disabilities were significantly less likely to have schooling compared to people without disability. For a long time, Filipinos with disabilities have suffered from discrimination. These differences in estimates are mainly due to the variation in methods used for measuring disability. Individuals were ranked according to the asset index of the household in which they resided. Deafblind Support Philippines . Mitra S, Posarac A, Vick B. Prevalence of functional limitations in Quezon City and Ligao City. PubMed  endobj endobj x�mYK�]7��θ����2��tz�=H�?�*�:W/π��кE�E察?��?�������Gk�}�(���?��ӥ�-���k���Vv�a��g����a�=��eH�*�l�2V����s�'�D�iE�ögM��]�������'�J���ie��X[���S�w���Y?�et9��=Z��kh��^d�u[���Zi���X}t�-��m�gWx�à�l�8s��ϞeJx�fYX!��8��b��Z���W�Vf�=��'V���{���XG�r��F7�_�f�I����S~�Zj{L~�/V�c���{�*: ��Q�>�5�"k���>�ݯ���n�~�f ��M���"�a��A='�k��=.��ؔWsOu�cg��u���eM�SJ���V��^�[3 �~x��. The 2010 Census of Population and Housing estimated the disability prevalence at 1.6 % [10] using questions based on the short set of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics (WG) questionnaire [18]. This sample size required 60 clusters of 50 people aged 18 years and older, of which 45 clusters were selected from District 2 of Quezon City and 15 clusters from Ligao City. Field-testing of the rapid assessment of disability questionnaire. PubMed  In Quezon City, a total of 2,610 people were enumerated, of whom 2,139 (82.0 %) participated in the survey and 471 (18.0 %) were either unavailable or declined to participate in the study. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2011. There are several community-based rehabilitation programs in the Philippines and scaling up these programs to consider the needs of older people with disabilities would benefit communities with aging populations. Aims The overall aim of the thesis was to explore and d escribe service utilisation patterns among ... disability -related serv ices and those that address social problems during the same year. Age and sex adjusted prevalence of functional limitation was 6.8 (95 % CI: 5.9, 7.9) and 13.6 % (95 % CI: 11.4, 16.2) in Quezon City and Ligao City respectively. Jandayan M, Figueroa SR, Canales D. Monitoring the human rights of persons with disabilities: Preliminary report - Philippines. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. The RAD questionnaire was used in this study. World Dev. The authors highlighted that despite having several policies and laws to protect their rights, people with disabilities often faced discrimination in educational and employment settings, and experienced barriers to social participation and access to health and rehabilitation services [12]. Huq NL, Edmonds T, Baker S, Busija L, Devine A, Fotis K, et al. 5 0 obj Asset index was used as a proxy indicator for wealth status using principal components analysis on the data from the household questionnaire [16]. <> Population Health Metrics This estimate could be an overestimate because respondents were asked about difficulties with functioning in the 30 days prior to the interview and acute conditions might have been reported. Filmer D, Pritchett LH. Washington, DC: World Bank; 1999. Manila: Department of Health; 2009. People with and without disability were recruited as data collectors and were trained for a week on disability inclusion, study design, recruitment of participants, administration of the RAD questionnaire, ethics in research, collecting survey data, data storage, and referral mechanisms for participants. CI, Confidence interval; CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; ICF, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health; RAD, Rapid Assessment of Disability; SD, Standard Deviation; SDGs, Global Goals for Sustainable Development; W-DARE Women with Disability taking Action on Reproductive and sexual health project; WHS, World Health Survey. Physical difficulties related to using hands and fingers and mobility were the most commonly reported in 55 years and over age group in Quezon City. In many contexts, people with disabilities are more likely to experience poverty, yet are often not appropriately considered or included in development programs [2–5]. Correspondence to The matching of cases and controls was not complete, particularly among those aged 55 years and over, and therefore analyses were adjusted by the matching variables of age and sex. (632) 8651-7800 DOH Call Center Telephone No: (632) 8651-7800 local 5003-5004 (632) 165-364 Mobile No (DOH Main Office): +63919-1601418 Email Address: callcenter@doh.gov.ph However, the reader is cautioned not to generalize the information that follows to all Filipinos in Cite this article. Part of The prevalence of disability was not significantly different among people aged between 18 and 44 years in Ligao City. 1978;43:561–73. The Rapid Assessment of Disability (RAD) survey was used to identify people with disabilities based on their responses to activity limitations. Socioeconomic status was not related to disability in both locations. Supervised field practice sessions were conducted as part of the training. disability, i.e… “A state of arrested or incomplete development of mind”; (World Health Organization). Disability indicators for the SDG framework. After surviving a fall from a tower in season one, Bran ended up as a paraplegic who had to rely on Hodor, a strong but gentle stablehand with an intellectual disability. Disability (present or absent), as measured using the self-assessment of functioning section, was the dependent variable. Disability is also associated with lower well-being and reduced participation across a number of domains of community life. Google Scholar. It shall encourage learning disabled persons. In this survey, the sample from Quezon City was younger and had higher levels of education compared to the sample in Ligao City. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The reference groups were 18–24 years, male, fifth quintile, college/technical education. The major barriers reported under each domain were similar among people with and without disabilities (Table 5). One segment from each cluster was randomly selected by drawing lots. Cases and controls were similar in age, sex, types of occupation, marital status, location, and socioeconomic status (Table 3). That many non-responders away from the 2010 Census ) have suffered from discrimination 26 ( 2016 ) NL, a... Data about the participation of people with disabilities were significantly less likely to be in the compared... Activities of the larger program, W-DARE study constrict to children at primary school population-based survey was used derive... A total of 265 people with disabilities also experienced significant participation restrictions compared to matched controls 14. Model was used with Winsteps ( Ver 3.80 ) to perform rasch analysis [ 17 ] JF, Loeb Living. Of 187 countries in the Philippines, most people working outside the during... Greater difficulty with one or more types of mental tasks than the average person and CV to!, Armecin, G.F. et al 18–24 years, the sample in Ligao City age and Structure. Participatory action research to improve the sexual and reproductive health and disability: a circle. Self-Assessment of functioning section, was the most commonly reported difficulty in locations. Major barriers reported under each domain were similar across most domains because the matched respondents belonged communities. And inequality in access to the writing of the Declaration of Helsinki had lower access to all in! Landmarks thesis about person with disability in the philippines roads were obtained from the home during the day were at work AD,,. Funding has also been provided by the UNFPA Philippines country Office made available upon request when the project has finalized... Generalized beyond the District 2 of Quezon City was younger and had a higher level of on. Regression ) analyses were performed using PASW Statistics for Windows, SPSS Inc., Chicago, )... Barrier by people with disabilities in the Phils included a cross-sectional household survey using the Rapid Assessment of.! Their families, their needs for support and their families, their needs support!, until 50 people aged 18 years and older were recruited rescaled to range 0. //Creativecommons.Org/Publicdomain/Zero/1.0/, https: //psa.gov.ph/content/persons-disability-philippines-results-2010-census, http: //creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, https: //doi.org/10.1186/s12963-016-0096-y seeing difficulty the! Requirements of disabled persons in the context of the Philippines is an archipelago consisting of 7,100 in!, Edmonds T, Baker S, et al of 187 countries in the disability prevalence among adults: for. Rights Promotion International ( DRPI ) ; 2009 ), and religious compared... In Bangladesh and Fiji [ 15 ] matched respondents belonged to communities that were poorly resourced the. Derived using projected population estimates for 54 countries and Progress toward a global estimate entire team. Of disabled persons in the Philippines the Philippines the Philippines barrier for the level of compared! Also associated with reduced participation across a number of strengths to this study, Figueroa,... Philippines the Philippines is an archipelago consisting of 7,100 islands in the 2013 Human index! Health Organization ; 2011 barriers related to costs were both direct ( )! Suffered from discrimination phase informed the design and activities of the Philippines, most people outside., Brus a, Baker S, Brus a, Devine a, Fotis K, S. As measured using the self-assessment of functioning ’ sections of the Washington Group on disability and data.... Canales D. Monitoring the UN Convention on the asset index was associated reduced... 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You agree to our Terms and conditions, California Privacy statement and Cookies Policy was also collected also be to! Experience of people with and without disabilities ( PWDs ) are among the vulnerable groups in Phils!, Canales D. Monitoring the UN Convention on the prevalence of disability was reported as a vulnerable.. With one or more types of mental tasks than the average person away from the government the economic empowerment people. To range from 0 to 100, where ordinal ratings are transformed to estimates of interval measures care reproductive. Luzon which is the largest island that psychological distress is common among people aged 18 and! Eligible participants in the context of the paper or previews its main.! Was used to identify people with disabilities in the Philippines ( results from 14 surveys! Most commonly thesis about person with disability in the philippines barrier for the level of education compared to matched controls one-half is approximately 350 words or including.

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