american bison in maryland

by on January 20, 2021

Burrows. Lives in pod. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; canine; 3.5 to 5.5 feet long, 2 to 3 feet tall at shoulder. Burrows. Shrew, Northern Short-tailed (Blarina brevicauda) Prefers mixed forests of large trees. Climbs and swims. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 5 to 8 inches long (including tail). Can leap up to 18 feet vertically, 40 feet horizontally. Burrows and climbs. Also known as Blackfish and Pothead. Also known as North American Least Shrew, Small Short-tailed Shrew and Bee Shrew. Maryland Departments Omnivore; crepuscular; ursidae; 5 to 6 feet long, 2.5 to 3 feet tall at shoulder (approx. Hunts prey in groups, similar to wolf packs. Lives alone or in pods. Vole, Rock (Microtus chrotorrhinus) Intelligent. Nutria (Myocastor coypus) 13 Restaurants within 5 miles. Hibernates during winter months. Shrew, Least (Cryptotis parva) May be brown, gray, or tan in color. Prefers deciduous forest near streams or ponds. Skims the surface for crustaceans. Mouse, Eastern Harvest (Reithrodontomys humulis) Also known as Blackfish, Orca, and Sea Wolf. 16 inches long (including tail). Feeds by lunging into prey schools. Burrows. Smallest mammal (by weight) in North America. Prefers damp, open habitats. Almost indistinct from Sylvilagus obscurus. The Feral Horse is an introduced species. Classified as Endangered. Also known as Common Rorqual, Finback Whale, and Razorback. Blows at surface can be up to 13 feet high. Deer, White-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus) Squirrel, Eastern Gray (Sciurus carolinensis) Intelligent. Migratory. Mink (Mustela vison) ; thick, gray body, large upper lip, short snout, paddle-like tail. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Skilled climber. Burrows, climbs, and swims. Can reach speeds up to 45 mph. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Also known as Common Porpoise and Puffing Pig. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Also known as Field Mouse, or Meadow Mouse. In the 1730's, William Byrd II was feasting on bison when exploring his Land of Eden grant south of the Dan River. Mouse, Eastern Harvest (Reithrodontomys humulis) Burrows. Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 24 feet long; weighs up to 6,600 pounds; square head and black, gray, or brown back with white or gray "saddle" or patch behind dorsal fin; white-gray patch on belly and throat and white-gray stripe behind eyes; pointed flippers. Prefers coniferous and mixed forests. Woodrat, Allegheny (Neotoma magister) Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 5 to 8 inches long (including tail). Granivore; diurnal; rodent; approx. Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards Slow swimmer. Burrows, climbs, and swims. T Skilled climber. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; distinct covering of barbed quills. Woodchuck (Marmota monax), also known as Groundhog, Havre de Grace, Maryland, June 2015. Also known as Common Dolphin and Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin. Also known as Yellow-nosed Vole. Emits red ink-like substance if frightened. Mink (Mustela vison) 8 inch long tail; may be colors other than black. Most common bear species native to North America. Carnivore; crepuscular; feline; 20 to 24 inches tall, 28 to 40 inches long. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Squirrel, Delmarva Fox (Sciurus niger cinereus) Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; approx. Skilled climber. Whale, Blue (Balaenoptera musculus) Semi-aquatic. Distinguished from harbor seal by longer face and fewer spots on body. Also known as Japanese Deer and Spotted Deer. May be brown, gray, or tan in color. Whale, Killer (Orcinus orca) Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 110 feet long; weighs up to 165 tons; long, tapered blue-gray back with light belly; ridge from blowhole to upper lip; baleen plates in mouth, grooves or pleats along throat. Seal, Hooded (Cystophora cristata) Skunk, Striped (Mephitis mephitis) Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 24 feet long; weighs up to 6,600 pounds; square head and black, gray, or brown back with white or gray "saddle" or patch behind dorsal fin; white-gray patch on belly and throat and white-gray stripe behind eyes; pointed flippers. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Mole, Eastern (Scalopus aquaticus) Classified as Endangered. Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 32 feet long; weighs up to 11 tons; black back with white belly and white patches near eyes; tall dorsal fin with white or gray "saddle" or patch behind it. Also known as Assateague Pony or Chincoteage Pony. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Lives in pod. Once extinct on East Coast, elk were reintroduced in neighboring states of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Making a home in Elkton (Cecil County), Maryland, is a population of White squirrels, a leucistic (differ from albino, as eyes contain pigment) variant of Gray Squirrels. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; mustelid; 14 to 48 inches long (including tail); distinct black-tipped tail. Woodchuck (Marmota monax), also known as Groundhog, Havre de Grace, Maryland, June 2015. Solitary hunter. Skilled climber. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; 5 to 11 feet long. 4 inches long (including tail). Migratory. Burrows and climbs. Seal, Harbor (Phoca vitulina) Hibernates during winter months. Carnivore; phocidae; 6 to 8 feet long; 300 to 600 pounds; gray-silver body, black heads, dark spots on body, inflatable nasal septum and sac or hood on male's head. Maryland Manual On-Line Classified as Endangered. Also known as Goose-beaked Whale. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Thrives in close proximity to humans. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4.3 to 6.7 inches long (including tail); distinct chestnut brown stripe running from head to tail. Burrows. The Norway Rat is an introduced species. Also known as Dwarf Weasel, Pygmy Weasel, and Mouse Weasel. Nutria (Myocastor coypus) Woodchuck (Marmota monax) Lives alone or in a pair. Weasel, Long-tailed (Mustela frenata) Also known as Sea Cow. Manatee, West Indian (Trichechus manatus) Known for "playing possum," the involuntary comatose or catatonic reaction to fear that makes the possum appear dead. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Maryland State Symbols Burrows, climbs, and swims. Solitary hunter. Lives alone or in small pod. Seal, Harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) Deer tracks on sand, New Germany State Park, Grantsville, Maryland, October 2015. Vole, Woodland (Microtus pinetorum) Classified as Endangered. Whale, Common Minke (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Also known as Field Mouse, or Meadow Mouse. Shrew, Southern Water (Sorex palustris punctulatus) Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; mustelid; 14 to 48 inches long (including tail); distinct black-tipped tail. Dolphin, Bottlenose (Tursiops truncatus) Woodchuck (Marmota monax), also known as Groundhog, Havre de Grace, Maryland, June 2015. Skilled climber. Whale, Short-finned Pilot (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Woodrat, Allegheny (Neotoma magister) Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Highly intelligent. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 50 feet long; weighs up to 70 tons; large callus-covered head and thick black or gray body; lack dorsal fin; thick blubber layer; baleen plates in mouth. Distinguished from gray seals by shorter nose, and mottled coloring. Whale, Fin (Balaenoptera physalus) Fast swimmer. Lives in small pod. ; short, curved horns. Prefers farmlands and meadows. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; up to 24 inches long. Population of North American Porcupine consideration of the ponies of Assateague Island is.... 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