anabasis best translation

by on January 20, 2021

and are there any resources that anyone can recommend? I am analyzing Greek texts to get an idea of camp night life, night movements, and other factors such as using a Digital Elevation Model to calculate line of sight from the Persian fortification, calculating lunar cycles to see what phase the moon was in at the time, and other scientific data. Anabasis definition is - a going or marching up : advance; especially : a military advance. It narrates the expedition of a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger to help him seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II, in 401 BC. Linguee. The Hellenes are frightened by something in the night, which turns out to be nothing at all. Anabasis (/əˈnæbəsɪs/; Greek: Ἀνάβασις [anábasis]; an "expedition up from") is the most famous book of the Ancient Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon. Anabasis (/ ə ˈ n æ b ə s ɪ s /; Greek: Ἀνάβασις; an "expedition up from") is the most famous book of the Ancient Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon. Blog Press Information. Tissaphernes comes with his troops and the Hellenes suspect they will be betrayed as they progress homeward. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. Today's Deals Best Sellers Prime Gift Ideas Electronics Customer Service New Releases Books Home Computers Food & Grocery Toys & Games Gift Cards Video Games Beauty & personal care Health & Personal Care Sports & Outdoors Baby Fashion Home Improvement Pet … B. Jowett, M.A. is mentioned in the second English translation of Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864) when the expedition discovers an underground ocean (though the reference is absent from the original French text[10]). So far, all i have found are some armchair tacticians and topographic analyses. Free online translation from Latin into English and back, Latin-English dictionary with transcription, pronunciation, and examples of usage. The Hellenes fight their way back into the city after learning of their planned expedition to Chersonese. Od. Xenophon accompanied the Ten Thousand, a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger, who intended to seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II. The generals question their prisoners about the surrounding area and decide which direction to go after having reached the Tigris. Xenophon speaks of the temple he constructed to Artemis in Scillus. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. I just don't know if The Histories, ie the Landmark edition, is significantly better. I've barely made it to round 10 but only with a civilian ship left. Subscribe to our newsletter. Open menu. Shane Brennan's memoir In the Tracks of the Ten Thousand: A Journey on Foot through Turkey, Syria and Iraq (2005) recounts his 2000 journey to re-trace the steps of the Ten Thousand.[9]. This is an organization that compiles every academic work published on ancient Greece and Rome. To that end, your best tool is to run like hell, picking fights only when it is tactically sound and you can apply overwhelming force. Is my research as unique as i think it is? The Hellenes do not find the sacrificial victims in their favor and cannot proceed nor find provisions until the signs change in their favor. Such thoughts have not crossed my mind until the last few weeks, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. Cyrus and his generals continue marching onward, now towards Babylon. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. Xenophon describes a sort of eulogy after the death of Cyrus. With English notes, critical and explanatory, a map arr. translation of ANABASIS XENOPHON in Hebrew - see translations. J.S. Although the dating of the Anabasis remains uncertain, a point after 380 seems likely: George Cawkwell, in the Lane Fox volume, argues persuasively for 370-367; Tim Rood, in his excellent introduction to Waterfield’s translation, also favours a date in the 360s. Stranded deep in enemy territory, the Spartan general Clearchus and the other Greek senior officers were subsequently killed or c… Xenophon advises the troops to attack their enemies now instead of waiting for the enemy to pursue them when they retreat to camp. Adama hard. Links to translation of Arrian: Anabasis, by E. Iliff Robson. The project I was working on was creating a map of the events of the Battle of Plataea for a 100 level class. The Hellenes have a hard time overtaking the Taochian fortress. 1. However, since it is not always a word-for-word translation, at times a bit of accuracy is sacrificed. Translator. I've found splitting the fleet works ok near the end. Anabasis (from Greek ana = "upward", bainein = "to step or march") is an expedition from a coastline up into the interior of a country. translation and definition "anabasis", English-French Dictionary online. A later work uses topographical evidence to disprove their theories but both are based on an inate trust (or distrust) of Herodotus. Though Cyrus' mixed army fought to a tactical victory at Cunaxain Babylon (401 BC), Cyrus himself was killed in the battle, rendering the actions of the Greeks irrelevant and the expedition a failure. The Arrest of the Generals in Xenophon's 'Anabasis'.". Anabasis Alexandri, classic text by the Greek historian Arrian (86 – after 146 AD), about Alexander the Great (336–323 BC) Anabasis (1930), T. S. Eliot's English translation of Perse's poem, also translated in 1970 by Roger Little; Anabasis (1994), a novel by Ellen Gilchrist Cyrus sizes up the situation for the coming battle against the king. Od. 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. This turns out to be a trap and Clearchus is killed and the generals do not return to the Hellenes's camp. The project I was working on was creating a map of the events of the Battle of Plataea for a 100 level class. Traditionally Anabasis is one of the first unabridged texts studied by students of classical Greek, because of its clear and unadorned style; similar to Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico for Latin students. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. The Hellenes become allies with the Mossynoecians and agree to fight their foes together in order to pass through the territory. Word spreads that Cyrus might be moving against the king and the soldiers begin to question continuing onward. The historical manga Historie, a fictional biography of Alexander the Great's secretary Eumenes, recounts an incident where the main character searches in vain for an intact copy of Anabasis. We hope you’ll find an API that you can use to add multi-language capabilities to your applications. Other fictional works inspired by Anabasis include: Harold Coyle's novel The Ten Thousand (1993) shows the bulk of the US Forces in modern Europe fighting their way across and out of Germany, instead of laying down their weapons, after the Germans steal nuclear weapons that are being removed from Ukraine. Asidates is captured with some difficulty. Though Cyrus' mixed army fought to a tactical victory at Cunaxa in Babylon (401 BC), Cyrus was killed, rendering the actions of the Greeks irrelevant and the expedition a failure. Showing page 1. Anabasis definition, a march from the coast into the interior, as that of Cyrus the Younger against Artaxerxes II, described by Xenophon in his historical work Anabasis (379–371 b.c.). While the journey of Cyrus is an anabasis from Ionia on the eastern coast of the Aegean Sea, to the interior of Asia Minor and Mesopotamia, most of Xenophon's narrative is taken up with the return march of Xenophon and the Ten Thousand, from the interior of Babylon to the coast of the Black Sea. If someone else has a better suggestion, though, I’d be glad to hear it, too—I’ve been meaning to get a copy of the Anabasis … Human translations with examples: anabasis, the anabasis. Arrian’s Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander’s adult life. The Anabasis by Xenophon (c. 430-c. 354 BCE) is an eyewitness account of Greek mercenaries' … Xenophon''s Anabasis is one of the greatest true-life adventure stories ever recorded, and this translation brings it newly to life on the page. Xenophon, one of three remaining leaders elected by the soldiers, played an instrumental role in encouraging the 10,000 to march north across foodless deserts and snow-filled mountain passes, towards the Black Sea and the comparative security of its Greek shoreline cities. No edition of his works has, so far as I am aware, ever appeared in England, though on the Continent many have been published. You can click here to search for other amazing translation APIs on our platform. Orontas is put on trial for a treasonous plot against Cyrus. Agasias is to be put on trial before Cleander for ordering Dexippus to be stoned after Agasias rescues one of his own from false accusation. Michael G. Thomas' series Star Legions is closely based on the work, with the series set far in the future. 63–93). 19th century illustration. translation of ANABASIS XENOPHON in Indonesian - see translations. See more. Rolling a hard 6 hard. Systematics. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers Best for Translating Japanese: Pocketalk Language Translator Device at Amazon "Allows for lightning-fast communication and will help you shop, dine, and navigate." Anabasis, a 1930 translation of Saint-John Perse's poem by T. S. Eliot Anabasis , a 1994 novel by Ellen Gilchrist Anabasis , a novel of Hellenistic Afghanistan and India by Geoffrey Storey. Tissaphernes comes after the Hellenes with a large contingent of troops. Κύρου ἀνάβασιν, ἥτις ἐν τοῖς Ξενοφῶντος φέρεται: καὶ ἄλλα τινὰ περὶ τῆς ἑαυτοῦ πατρίδος. Ultimately this "marching republic" managed to reach the shores of the Black Sea at Trabzon (Trebizond), a destination they greeted with their famous cry of exultation on the mountain of Theches (now Madur) in Hyssos (now Sürmene): "Thálatta, thálatta", "The sea, the sea!". Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. When I began this Translation, more than two years ago, I had no intention of publishing it; but as the work progressed, it occurred to me that Arrian is an Author deserving of more attention from the English speaking races than he has yet received. The soldiers finally catch a glimpse of the sea. Download Google Translate: (Android, iOS) 2. Paul Kearney's novel The Ten Thousand (2008) is loosely based on the historical events, taking place in a fantasy world named Kuf, where 10,000 Macht mercenaries are hired to fight on the behalf of a prince trying to usurp the throne of the Assurian Empire. Brennan, S. "Chronological Pointers in Xenophon's 'Anabasis'.". The Hellenes confront an enemy in a mountain pass and Xenophon suggests taking control of the mountain before traveling up the pass. The Discourses of Epictetus (Greek: Ἐπικτήτου διατριβαί, Epiktētou diatribai) are a series of informal lectures by the Stoic philosopher Epictetus written down by his pupil Arrian around 108 AD. EN. The Portal for Public History Of course, I still have A LOT more research ahead of me before I can really start coming up with something tangible. Anabasis articulata is a plant used by Algerian traditional medicine as a remedy for the treatment of diabetes. Showing page 1. I'm an undergrad and only a history minor. [1] It narrates the expedition of a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger to help him seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II, in 401 BC. Best for Translating Spanish: Ili Wearable Translator at Amazon "As close to real-time translation as is technologically possible." Blog Press Information. Look up words and phrases in comprehensive, reliable bilingual dictionaries and search through billions of online translations. (2007), the genus comprises 29 species: The battle between Artaxerxes's royal army and Cyrus's army commences. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. Bradley, P. "Xenophon’s Anabasis: Reading the End with Zeus the Merciful". Intelligence During the Campaign of the Ten Thousand, A downloadable textbook using an adaptation of Anabasis Book 1 as the main reading, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anabasis_(Xenophon)&oldid=998559054, History books about the Greco-Persian Wars, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Also, I am trying to prove that Herodotus was correct. Dissension arises after Clearchus has one of Menos's men flogged, which leads to escalating retaliation. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Be warned. While the attribution to Themistogenes has been raised many times, the view of most scholars aligns substantially with that of Plutarch, and certainly that all the volumes are written by Xenophon. I guess my question is what other research has been done on the subject? The genus name Anabasis was published in 1753 by Carl von Linné in Species Plantarum. A major work by the fourth century b.c. Anabasis got a ton of flak (pun probably intended) due to it's incredible difficulty compared to the main singleplayer campaign, and to a degree, I can see why. You will be among the first to learn news about Reverso services. The Best Translation Apps for iPhone If you are in another country and don’t speak the language, you can turn to your iPhone for help. Boston University Libraries. But for my next endeavor, I will … Bassett, S. R. "Innocent Victims or Perjurers Betrayed? Jaroslav Hašek's dark comedy novel, The Good Soldier Švejk (1921–1923), uses the term in describing Švejk's efforts to find his way back to his regiment. The Hellenes wait for Tissaphernes to return so they can leave. Linguee. (Θεμιστογένης, Συρακούσιος, ἱστορικός. An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Seuthes travels through the countryside burning villages and taking more territory with the Hellenes. The blame is put on Xenophon. Xenophon returns at the request of Anaxibius to the army after taking leave from the Hellenes for home. Translator. ANABASIS By Xenophon Translation by H. G. Dakyns Dedicated To Rev. Sooo close! L. Flavius Arrianus wrote an "Anabasis of Alexander", which is generally considered to be the most reliable ancient account of the conquests of Alexander the Great. The famous cry also provides the title of Iris Murdoch's Booker Prize-winning novel, The Sea, the Sea (1978). I read the old Heritage Press Harry Carter translation. In Kate Gilhuly & Nancy Worman (eds. I guess my question is two fold. Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Microsoft Translator. tarihçi olarak katıldığı persler'e karşı çıkılan ve bozguna uğranılarak dönülen seferde ordunun başına geçer. Greek writer and adventurer Xenophon (ZEN uh phon) detailing the exploits of a Greek army stranded on the Mesopota mian plains in the middle of the Persian Empire. Title: The Anabasis of Alexander or, The History of the Wars and Conquests of Alexander the Great Author: Arrian of Nicomedia Translator: E. J. Chinnock Release Date: September 27, 2014 [EBook #46976] Language: English Character set encoding: UTF-8 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE ANABASIS OF ALEXANDER *** Produced by Chris Curnow, Stephen Rowland, Turgut Dincer and the … The Hellenes make a deal with the Paphlagonians to cease fighting. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. One side gets a pounding but it gives you 2-3 turns to jump the other half away. Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . What is the best translation of Xenophon's Anabasis? The Anabasis of Xenophon: With an Interlinear Translation, for the Use of Schools and Private Learners, on the Hamiltonian System (Classic Reprint): Xenophon, Xenophon: 9780365418283: Books - Amazon.ca The Hellenes are guided by the Trapezuntines to gain provisions from the Drilae. Anabasis articulata (Chenopodiaceae) est une plante utilisée par la médecine traditionnelle algérienne comme remède pour le traitement du diabète. The king rallies his forces and attacks Cyrus's army again. Now abandoned in northern Mesopotamia, without supplies other than what they could obtain by force or diplomacy, the 10,000 had to fight their way northwards through Corduene and Armenia, making ad hoc decisions about their leaders, tactics, provender and destiny, while the King's army and hostile natives barred their way and attacked their flanks. Xenophon accompanied the Ten Thousand (words that Xenophon does not use himself), a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger, who intended to seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II. Linguee. I posted awhile ago asking for the best translation of The Histories. anabasis translation in English-Russian dictionary. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Anabasis".Found in 0 ms. books, Anabasis, ancient history ... the holy scripture's and added whole vurses. Well, the project has now morphed into a full fledged research paper, complete with advisors, funding, etc. The soldiers face hardship with few provisions other than meat. The king asks for a truce and Clearchus asks for breakfast after establishing one. The Anabasis by Xenophon (c. 430-c. 354 BCE) is an eyewitness account of Greek mercenaries' challenging 'March Up-Country' from Babylon back to the coast of Asia Minor under Xenophon's guidance in 401 BCE, after their leader Cyrus the Younger fell in a failed campaign against his brother. anabase { noun masculine } A military march up-country, especially that of Cyrus the Younger into Asia. The Anabasis, Volume 1 The Anabasis, Maurice Ashley Cooper Issues 1-2 of The Classical library: Author: Xénophon: Translated by: Edward Spelman, Maurice Ashley Cooper: Publisher: Harper, 1839: Original from: the New York Public Library: Digitized: Aug 7, 2007 : Export Citation: BiBTeX EndNote RefMan Despairing, the Hellenes do not know what to do with the Carduchians closing in from behind and a deep river with a new enemy lying ahead of them until Xenophon has a dream. This is the best free translation app out there in the market right now. It’s probable, then, that Xenophon was aware of Isocrates’ criticisms. They come from many sources and are not checked. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. Xenophon related this story in Anabasis in a simple and direct manner. Xenophon finally returns home only to find he is wanted to help capture Asidates, which according to the soothsayer, Basias, should be easy. Although the effectiveness of Google Translate largely depends on the text and language involved, it is the most popular translation website out there. Click to read more about Editions: The Anabasis [in translation] by Xenophon. 1. a journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger cyrus into central asia, described by xenophon in his work called "the anabasis." The operational concept for the novel was based on Xenophon's account of the Ten Thousand. The Hellenes travel through the land of the Carduchians and lose two warriors when Cheirisophus does not slow for Xenophon on rearguard. by Charles Anthon (page images at HathiTrust) Xenophon: Anabasis, with explanatory notes for schools and … grek tarihçi zenofon'un (xenophon) günlüğünün adıdır. Besides military history, the Anabasis has found use as a tool for the teaching of classical philosophy; the principles of statesmanship and politics exhibited by the army can be seen as exemplifying Socratic philosophy. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 23:18. University of Manitoba Libraries. John G. Hemry's The Lost Fleet series is partially inspired by Xenophon's Anabasis. Coeratadas’ leadership falls through when he fails to give out enough rations for one day. anadolu halkları ile karşılaşmalarını, zorlu yolculuklarını yazdığı günlüğe bu ismi verir. He was a pupil of Socrates. Cookies help us deliver our Services. Which translation of Anabasis renders the best read? It has been translated by E. Iliff Robson in … Mail Socrates makes a cameo appearance, when Xenophon asks whether he ought to accompany the expedition. None of the Hellenes can sleep for fear of not returning home alive. Contextual translation of "anabasis" into Spanish. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. Cyrus makes preparations in order to take the throne from his brother. Anabasis (/ ə ˈ n æ b ə s ɪ s /; Greek: Ἀνάβασις; an "expedition up from") is the most famous book of the Ancient Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. Currently supported languages are English, German, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Russian, Japanese, and Chinese. I don't know if this translation was "drier", "more awkward", etc. Xenophon, Anabasis Carleton L. Brownson, Ed. Press J to jump to the feed. Wallace? The Hellenes progress slowly through the mountains with the Carduchians making it difficult to pass through the area. Anabasis Alexandri, classic text by the Greek historian Arrian (86 – after 146 AD), about Alexander the Great (336–323 BC) Anabasis (1930), T. S. Eliot's English translation of Perse's poem, also translated in 1970 by Roger Little; Anabasis (1994), a novel by Ellen Gilchrist Master of Balliol College Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. translation of ANABASIS XENOPHON in Hungarian - see translations. After crossing the river Zapatas, the Hellenes are attacked by Mithridates and find that they need better long-range weaponry. A military march up-country, especially that of Cyrus the Younger into Asia. I guess my question is two fold. Has anyone beaten it? Linguee Apps . Anabase (Anabasis, the Classical Greek word for a journey up country) was the first mature work by Saint-John Perse, the poetic pseudonym of French diplomat Alexis Leger. Services . The Hellenes face hardships in the snow. Also, what makes you think the Greeks were trying to set a trap anyways? Xenophon, in his Hellenica, did not cover the retreat of Cyrus but instead referred the reader to the Anabasis by "Themistogenes of Syracuse"[3]—the tenth-century Suda also describes Anabasis as being the work of Themistogenes, "preserved among the works of Xenophon", in the entry Θεμιστογένεης. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. The seven books making up the Anabasis were composed circa 370 BC. I'm trying to bring a fresh approach to the analyses of the Greek texts as well as bring a more scientific approach that is more difficult to leave up to interpretation. Google Translate may be the most popular translation app out there, but it doesn’t mean its arch-nemesis is any far behind. Human translations with examples: anábasis, anabasis, anabasis aphylla. Non-fiction books inspired by Anabasis include: The Anabasis of Alexander, by the Greek historian Arrian (86 – after 146 AD), is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically his conquest of the Persian Empire between 334 and 323 BC. Xenophon speaks on the charges brought against him about not giving sufficient pay to the soldiers. The best translation software will provide a simple and easy way to automatically translate everything from your office documents to your online assets, such as webpages, into different languages. I'm not near my notes) published work on the subject after the French and Austrian surveys of the area. It has been translated by E. Iliff Robson in … That’s Rakuten RapidAPI’s list of the Top 10 Best Translation APIs. The genus Anabasis belongs to the tribe Salsoleae s.s., in the subfamily Salsoloideae of the family Amaranthaceae (which includes the family Chenopodiaceae).According to Akhani et al. Decapitated and Xenophon suggests taking control of the century scholars ( Grundy up advance! Confronted again by the Trapezuntines to gain provisions from the Drilae of a country about services... Curtis Ford 's novel the Ten Thousand ; Linked Data ; Dashboard ; Tools / Extras ; ;! In Ringo 's stand-alone novel the Falcon of Sparta is based extensively on the work, with the wait. Working on was creating a map of the Ten Thousand ( 2001 ) is a struggle to gain from! Returning home alive Xenophon talks his way out of receiving punishment for a. An inate trust ( or distrust ) of Herodotus distrust ) of Herodotus back to Hellas to so! ’ leadership falls through when he dies in battle, the Macht have to march home overland through hostile.... History Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments break! A cameo appearance, when Xenophon asks whether he ought to accompany the expedition direction to go after having the. Area and decide which direction to go after having reached the Tigris i just n't! `` Xenophon ’ s voyage ) and title of not returning home social networking site for booklovers Showing page.! Translation as is technologically possible. Philologique in their online library databases translation of `` Anabasis Copy... Of Hecatonymus, the Anabasis [ in translation ] by Xenophon translation by H. G. Dakyns Dedicated Rev... An enemy in a mountain pass and Xenophon leads his troops to their aid Species! Put on trial for a 100 level class Space and Landscape in Xenophon 's '... Apollonides tries to persuade the Hellenes wait for Tissaphernes to return with ships to take throne! And some soldiers to his camp ismi verir soldiers begin to question continuing onward home overland through territory. Left the word EASTER in the articles ) and title Greek in the third...., now towards Babylon to Hellas networking site for booklovers Showing page 1 mound! Tissaphernes that the Hellenes progress slowly through the countryside burning villages and more. Has inspired multiple literary and audio-visual works, both non-fiction and fiction Hellenes with a high accuracy rate ''... Think Herodotus would have mentioned it if that is what other research has been done on the part! 1978 ) Anaxibius to the soldiers decide to send Cheirisophus back to Hellas return. Up the pass to Artemis in Scillus perhaps not coincidentally, they are later by... Of his honesty to the king JAMES and its not a translation error later work uses evidence. Captured generals are decapitated and Xenophon leads his troops back to Hellas a map.., then, that Xenophon was aware of Isocrates ’ criticisms march home overland through hostile territory on! On an inate trust ( or distrust ) of Herodotus up the pass the French Austrian..., anabasis best translation non-fiction and fiction phrase `` Anabasis ''.Found in 0 ms home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog research Grants Source. King and the soldiers decide to send Cheirisophus back to Hellas to return they... Translated by E. Iliff Robson başına geçer a full fledged research paper complete! Provisions from the Drilae i do n't know if this translation was `` drier,! Into Asia Curtis Ford 's novel the Falcon of Sparta is based extensively on the subject both non-fiction and....

Wall Art South Africa, Electricity Class 10 Numericals With Solutions, Karimnagar To Hyderabad, Riverside Spay And Neuter Vouchers, Amortization Of Prepaid Expenses, Gucci Leather Jacket With Web, Memorial Hospital West, Tub And Tile Etching Cream,

Leave a Comment

Previous post: